Amazon Web Services (AWS), the cloud computing service of Amazon.com, provides compute, storage, database, and other services through its data centers in over 20 countries and more than 100 locations around the world. This mission-critical segment generates $73.8bn of annualized run-rate revenue and is growing at almost 37% year-over-year. To understand the company’s portfolio in greater detail, Dgtl Infra answers the questions: How Many Data Centers Does Amazon Web Services (AWS) Have? and Where Are Amazon Web Services (AWS) Data Centers Located?

In total, Amazon Web Services (AWS) operates over 125 physical data centers in various global locations, with these facilities comprising over 26 million square feet. These data centers are or will be arranged into 34 regions – AWS’ term for a physical location where it clusters data centers – that are deployed within a highly available, fault tolerant, and scalable environment.

How Many Data Centers Does Amazon Web Services (AWS) Have?

Amazon Web Services (AWS) currently has 26 regions in operation and a further 8 under development, meaning that the company will have a total of 34 regions available by the end of 2024. Within each AWS region are 3 to 6 isolated, and physically separate locations, known as availability zones, which have independent power, cooling, and physical security, and are connected to each other with a redundant, low-latency, private fiber-optic network.

READ MORE: Top 10 Cloud Service Providers Globally in 2022

Presently, Amazon Web Services (AWS) has 84 availability zones in operation and a further 24 under development, meaning that the company will have a total of 108 availability zones existing by the end of 2024.

Amazon Web Services (AWS) Regions and Availability Zones

Amazon Web Services AWS Regions and Availability Zones

In contrast to other cloud service providers, AWS operates every region with multiple availability zones, whereas its peers often define a region as a single data center.

READ MORE: Microsoft Azure’s Data Centers Locations

Where Are Amazon Web Services (AWS) Data Centers Located?

While AWS does not disclose the exact addresses of its data centers, the company does identify its regions and availability zones. To this end, below is a summary of Amazon Web Services’ – operating and future – 34 regions and 108 availability zones throughout the United States, AWS GovCloud (US), Americas, Europe, Asia Pacific, as well as in the Middle East and Africa.

United States

In the United States, Amazon Web Services (AWS) operates 4 regions and 16 availability zones. Specifically, AWS operates facilities in the following markets: Columbus, Ohio; multiple locations throughout Morrow County and Umatilla County in the eastern part of Oregon; the San Francisco Bay Area in Northern California; and several locations across Loudoun County, Prince William County, and Fairfax County in Northern Virginia.

Regions

Within these markets, Amazon Web Services (AWS) operates data centers in the following regions: US East (Ohio), US West (Oregon), US West (Northern California), and US East (Northern Virginia).

United States – Regions and Availability Zones
RegionsCode# of ZonesLocationStateOpened
US East (Ohio)us-east-23ColumbusOhio2016
US West (Oregon)us-west-24EasternOregon2011
US West (N. California)us-west-13San FranciscoCalifornia2009
US East (N. Virginia)us-east-16MultipleVirginia2006
Total16
Northern Virginia

From 2011 to 2020, AWS invested $35bn in both capital and operating expenditures into data centers located in Northern Virginia. Also, in 2020 alone, AWS’ investment in the construction and operation of data centers contributed $1.3bn in GDP to the economy of Virginia.

In 2020, AWS paid over $220m in business personal property taxes related to its data centers located in Loudoun County, Prince William County, and Fairfax County, Virginia.

AWS GovCloud (US)

AWS GovCloud (US) are regions designed to host sensitive data, regulated IT workloads, and address stringent U.S. government security and compliance requirements. Particularly, AWS GovCloud (US) addresses compliance in the cloud by offering network, data, and virtual machines that are isolated from all standard AWS regions.

AWS’ GovCloud infrastructure helps government customers and their partners meet compliance and regulatory requirements, including Federal Risk and Authorization Management Program (FedRAMP), International Traffic in Arms Regulations (ITAR), Department of Defense (DoD) Cloud Computing Security Requirements Guide (SRG), Defense Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement (DFARS), Criminal Justice Information Systems (CJIS) Security Policy, and Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA).

Through the AWS GovCloud (US) service, Amazon Web Services (AWS) operates 2 regions and 6 availability zones. Presently, AWS is available in the following markets: Columbus, Ohio and the eastern part of Oregon.

Regions

Within these markets, Amazon Web Services (AWS) operates data centers in the following regions: AWS GovCloud (US-East) and AWS GovCloud (US-West).

AWS GovCloud (US) – Regions and Availability Zones
RegionsCode# of ZonesLocationStateOpened
AWS GovCloud (US-East)us-gov-east-13ColumbusOhio2018
AWS GovCloud (US-West)us-gov-west-13EasternOregon2011
Total6

Americas

In the Americas, Amazon Web Services (AWS) operates or is planning 3 regions and 9 availability zones. Particularly, AWS is available or will be opening in the following markets: Montreal, Canada; Calgary, Canada; and São Paulo, Brazil.

Regions

Within these markets, Amazon Web Services (AWS) operates data centers in the following regions: Canada (Central) and South America (São Paulo). While AWS will be opening its next Americas data center region, known as Canada (West), in Calgary, Canada, in late 2023 or early 2024. Importantly, the Canada (West) region will have three availability zones and will reduce latency for end users in Western Canada.

Americas – Regions and Availability Zones
RegionsCode# of ZonesLocationCountryOpened
Canada (Central)ca-central-13MontrealCanada2016
Canada (West)ca-west-13CalgaryCanada2023/24
South America (São Paulo)sa-east-13São PauloBrazil2011
Total9

AWS plans to invest up to $21bn Canadian dollars ($16bn USD), by 2037, in both its existing Montreal region and in its upcoming Calgary region. Of this total, AWS will invest up to $4.3bn Canadian dollars ($3.3bn USD), by 2037, in its new region in Calgary. This investment includes both capital and operating expenditures, such as imports of equipment, and in-country spending on construction labor, materials, and utilities.

Overall, AWS’ investment in Calgary alone will support 963 full-time equivalent jobs in the Canadian economy.

Europe

In Europe, Amazon Web Services (AWS) operates or is planning 8 regions and 24 availability zones. Specifically, AWS is available or will be opening in the following markets: Frankfurt, Germany; Dublin, Ireland; London, United Kingdom; Milan, Italy; Paris, France; Madrid, Spain; Stockholm, Sweden; and Zurich, Switzerland.

Regions

Within these markets, Amazon Web Services (AWS) operates data centers in the following regions: Europe (Frankfurt), Europe (Ireland), Europe (London), Europe (Milan), Europe (Paris), and Europe (Stockholm). While AWS is establishing its next two Europe data center regions, known as Europe (Spain) and Europe (Zurich), in Madrid, Spain and Zurich, Switzerland, respectively.

Europe – Regions and Availability Zones
RegionsCode# of ZonesLocationCountryOpened
Europe (Frankfurt)eu-central-13FrankfurtGermany2014
Europe (Ireland)eu-west-13DublinIreland2007
Europe (London)eu-west-23LondonUK2016
Europe (Milan)eu-south-13MilanItaly2020
Europe (Paris)eu-west-33ParisFrance2017
Europe (Spain)eu-east-13MadridSpain2022/23
Europe (Stockholm)eu-north-13StockholmSweden2018
Europe (Zurich)eu-central-23ZurichSwitzerland2022
Total24

In Madrid, AWS announced that it will open its Europe (Spain) region in late 2022 or early 2023 with three availability zones. Additionally, in Switzerland, AWS announced that it will open its Europe (Zurich) region in the second-half of 2022 with three availability zones.

United Kingdom

The United Kingdom is one of AWS’ most important regions in Europe. As such, in March 2022, AWS announced its plans to invest more than £1.8bn ($2.2bn), over the next two years, to build and operate data centers in the United Kingdom. In turn, AWS noted that it will “more than double” its total investment in the UK to-date.

Furthermore, AWS estimates that it is generating £8.7bn ($10.5bn) in economic value for businesses across the UK, which is equivalent to 0.4% of GDP.

Asia Pacific

In Asia Pacific, Amazon Web Services (AWS) operates or is planning 13 regions and 41 availability zones. Presently, AWS is available or will be opening in the following markets: Auckland, New Zealand; Hong Kong, SAR; Hyderabad, India; Jakarta, Indonesia; Melbourne, Australia; Mumbai, India; Osaka, Japan; Seoul, South Korea; Singapore; Sydney, Australia; Tokyo, Japan; Beijing, China; and Changsha (Ningxia), China.

Regions

Within these markets, Amazon Web Services (AWS) operates data centers in the following regions: Asia Pacific (Hong Kong), Asia Pacific (Jakarta), Asia Pacific (Mumbai), Asia Pacific (Osaka), Asia Pacific (Seoul), Asia Pacific (Singapore), Asia Pacific (Sydney), Asia Pacific (Tokyo), China (Beijing), and China (Ningxia).

In addition, AWS is establishing its next three Asia Pacific data center regions, known as Asia Pacific (Auckland), Asia Pacific (Hyderabad), and Asia Pacific (Melbourne), in Auckland, New Zealand; Hyderabad, India; and Melbourne, Australia, respectively.

Asia Pacific – Regions and Availability Zones
RegionsCode# of ZonesLocationCountryOpened
Asia Pacific (Auckland)ap-southeast-53AucklandNew Zealand2024
Asia Pacific (Hong Kong)ap-east-13Hong KongSAR2019
Asia Pacific (Hyderabad)ap-south-23HyderabadIndia2022
Asia Pacific (Jakarta)ap-southeast-33JakartaIndonesia2021
Asia Pacific (Melbourne)ap-southeast-43MelbourneAustralia2022
Asia Pacific (Mumbai)ap-south-13MumbaiIndia2016
Asia Pacific (Osaka)ap-northeast-33OsakaJapan2021
Asia Pacific (Seoul)ap-northeast-24SeoulSouth Korea2016
Asia Pacific (Singapore)ap-southeast-13SingaporeSingapore2010
Asia Pacific (Sydney)ap-southeast-23SydneyAustralia2012
Asia Pacific (Tokyo)ap-northeast-14TokyoJapan2011
China (Beijing)cn-north-13BeijingChina2014
China (Ningxia)cn-northwest-13ChangshaChina2017
Total41

Additional details on the three new Amazon Web Services (AWS) data center regions in locations throughout Asia Pacific are as follows:

Asia Pacific (Auckland) – New Zealand

In New Zealand, AWS announced that it will open its Asia Pacific (Auckland) region in 2024 with three availability zones. Once live, AWS’ Asia Pacific (Auckland) region will be its first in New Zealand, giving customers with data residency requirements the ability to run workloads and store data that must remain in-country.

In establishing and operating its AWS Region in Auckland, the company is planning to invest up to 7.5bn NZD ($4.7bn USD) over the next 15 years, including both capital and operating expenditures. Furthermore, AWS’ investment will support an additional 1,000 full-time equivalent jobs in New Zealand’s economy over the next 15 years.

Asia Pacific (Hyderabad) – India

In India, AWS announced that it will open its Asia Pacific (Hyderabad) region in mid-2022 with three availability zones. Specifically, this Amazon Web Services (AWS) region will have data center locations in the state of Telangana, with Hyderabad being the state’s capital and largest city, as well as an important hub for IT professionals and entrepreneurs.

Additionally, once live, Asia Pacific (Hyderabad) will be AWS’ second region in India following the opening of its Asia Pacific (Mumbai) region in June 2016.

Asia Pacific (Melbourne) – Australia

In Australia, AWS announced that it will open its Asia Pacific (Melbourne) region in the second-half of 2022 with three availability zones. Once live, this will be AWS’ second region in Australia following the opening of its Asia Pacific (Sydney) region in November 2012.

Middle East and Africa

In the Middle East and Africa, Amazon Web Services (AWS) operates or is planning 4 regions and 12 availability zones. Particularly, AWS is available or will be opening in the following markets: Cape Town, South Africa; Manama, Bahrain; Tel Aviv, Israel; and Dubai, United Arab Emirates.

Regions

Within these markets, Amazon Web Services (AWS) operates data centers in the following regions: Africa (Cape Town) and Middle East (Bahrain). While AWS is establishing its next two Middle East data center regions, known as Middle East (Israel) and Middle East (UAE), in Tel Aviv, Israel and Dubai, United Arab Emirates, respectively.

Middle East and Africa – Regions and Availability Zones
RegionsCode# of ZonesLocationCountryOpened
Africa (Cape Town)af-south-13Cape TownSouth Africa2020
Middle East (Bahrain)me-south-13ManamaBahrain2019
Middle East (Israel)me-west-13Tel AvivIsrael2023
Middle East (UAE)me-south-23DubaiUAE2022
Total12

In Tel Aviv, AWS announced that it will open its Middle East (Israel) region in the first-half of 2023 with three availability zones. Notably, in April 2021, the government of Israel selected AWS as the primary cloud service provider for its $1.2bn Nimbus Project. As part of this effort, government ministries and subsidiaries in Israel will use cloud computing services and will provide new digital services for Israel’s citizens.

Additionally, in Dubai, AWS announced that it will open its Middle East (UAE) region in the first-half of 2022 with three availability zones.

Advantages of Cloud Computing

Amazon Web Services (AWS) highlights six advantages of cloud computing, which can be delivered through its scaled portfolio of data center locations:

  1. Fixed vs. Variable Costs: instead of investing in data centers and servers prior to knowing how they are going to be used, customers can pay only when they consume computing resources, and pay only for how much they consume
  2. Economies of Scale: by using cloud computing, customers can achieve a lower variable cost than they would be able to achieve on their own – because usage from hundreds of thousands of customers is aggregated in the cloud. Therefore, Amazon Web Services (AWS) facilitates greater economies of scale, using its portfolio of data center locations, which translates into lower pay as-you-go prices for its customers
  3. Capacity Certainty: customers can eliminate guessing on their infrastructure capacity needs. Specifically, capacity decisions made prior to deploying an application, can often lead to either having expensive idle resources or dealing with limited capacity. Instead, with AWS, cloud computing capacity can be provisioned as-and-when needed
  4. Speed and Agility: new IT resources can be provisioned in a cloud computing environment with only a few clicks. Therefore, customers can reduce the time to make those resources available to developers from weeks, to just minutes
  5. Operating and Maintaining Data Centers: cloud computing enables customers to avoid racking, stacking, and powering servers, in addition to eschewing the ongoing maintenance of their data centers
  6. Global: applications can be deployed in multiple regions around the world with just a few clicks. In turn, this enables applications to have lower latency and provides a better experience for end users

READ MORE: What is Data Gravity? AWS, Azure Pull Data to the Cloud

Mary Zhang covers Data Centers for Dgtl Infra, including Equinix (NASDAQ: EQIX), Digital Realty (NYSE: DLR), CyrusOne, CoreSite Realty, QTS Realty, Switch Inc, Iron Mountain (NYSE: IRM), Cyxtera (NASDAQ: CYXT), and many more. Within Data Centers, Mary focuses on the sub-sectors of hyperscale, enterprise / colocation, cloud service providers, and edge computing. Mary has over 5 years of experience in research and writing for Data Centers.

LEAVE A REPLY

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here