Google Cloud Platform (GCP), the cloud computing service of Alphabet Inc, provides compute, storage, and networking services through its data centers in over 20 countries and 35 locations around the world. Growth in Google Cloud regions and the company’s core products and platforms, such as Gmail, Google Drive, Google Maps, Google Photos, Google Play, Search, and YouTube, are fueling the company’s need for more data center capacity.

In total, Google operates or is developing nearly 30 data centers around the world. These data centers support Google’s current and planned 44 cloud regions – a physical location where it clusters data centers – that are designed to be highly available, fault-tolerant, and concurrently maintainable.

Alphabet Inc’s Google Cloud unit earns revenue from the fees it charges for its infrastructure, platform, and other services. For the latest quarter, Google Cloud generated $6.3 billion in revenue, an increase of almost 36% year-over-year. Therefore, on an annualized basis, Google Cloud produces over $25 billion of revenue.

Dgtl Infra reviews Google Cloud’s regions, availability zones, and data centers which support this burgeoning cloud computing business, with a focus on the company’s existing infrastructure locations and where future deployments will be built.

How Many Data Centers Does Google Cloud Have?

Google Cloud currently has 35 regions in operation and a further 9 under development, meaning that the company will have a total of 44 regions available by the end of 2024. Within each Google Cloud region are 3 to 4 deployment areas that map to clusters of data centers with distinct physical infrastructure (i.e., power, cooling, and networking), known by Google as zones, and commonly referred to by other cloud service providers as availability zones.

READ MORE: Top 10 Cloud Service Providers Globally in 2022

Presently, Google Cloud has 106 zones in operation and a further 27 under development, meaning that the company will have a total of 133 zones existing by the end of 2024.

Google Cloud Regions and Zones

Below is an illustration of the layout of Google Cloud’s regions and zones. For example, europe-west2 is a Google Cloud region located in London, United Kingdom, which has 3 zones, known as europe-west2-a, europe-west2-b, and europe-west2-c.

Google Cloud customers can deploy resources and workloads across multiple zones to help protect against unexpected failures, which cannot always be done through a single, private data center. Most notably, Google Cloud competes with cloud service providers, Amazon Web Services (AWS) and Microsoft Azure, for customers.

READ MORE: Amazon Web Services (AWS) Data Center Locations

READ MORE: Microsoft Azure’s Data Center Locations

Where Are Google Cloud’s Regions and Zones Located?

Google Cloud’s regions and zones (also known as availability zones) are physical locations where the company clusters data centers around the world. Below is a summary of Google Cloud’s – operating and future – 44 regions and 133 availability zones throughout the United States, Americas, Europe, Asia Pacific, as well as in the Middle East and Africa.

United States

In the United States, Google Cloud operates 9 regions and 28 availability zones. Specifically, Google operates facilities in the following markets: Council Bluffs, Iowa; Moncks Corner, South Carolina; Ashburn, Virginia; Columbus, Ohio; Dallas, Texas; The Dalles, Oregon; Los Angeles, California; Salt Lake City, Utah; and Las Vegas, Nevada.

READ MORE: Google Cloud Opens New Region in Dallas, Texas

Regions

Within these markets, Google Cloud operates data centers in the following regions: Iowa (us-central1), South Carolina (us-east1), Northern Virginia (us-east4), Columbus (us-east5), Dallas (us-south1), Oregon (us-west1), Los Angeles (us-west2), Salt Lake City (us-west3), and Las Vegas (us-west4).

United States – Regions and Availability Zones
RegionsCode# of ZonesLocationState
Iowaus-central14Council BluffsIowa
South Carolinaus-east13Moncks CornerSouth Carolina
Northern Virginiaus-east43AshburnVirginia
Columbusus-east53ColumbusOhio
Dallasus-south13DallasTexas
Oregonus-west13The DallesOregon
Los Angelesus-west23Los AngelesCalifornia
Salt Lake Cityus-west33Salt Lake CityUtah
Las Vegasus-west43Las VegasNevada
Total28

Americas

In the Americas, Google Cloud operates or is planning 5 regions and 15 availability zones. Particularly, Google Cloud is available or will be opening in the following markets: Montréal (Québec), Canada; Toronto (Ontario), Canada; São Paulo (Osasco), Brazil; Santiago, Chile; and Querétaro, Mexico.

Regions

Within these locations, Google Cloud operates data centers in the following regions: Montréal (northamerica-northeast1), Toronto (northamerica-northeast2), São Paulo (southamerica-east1), and Santiago (southamerica-west1). While Google will be opening its next Americas data center region, in Querétaro, Mexico, in 2023 or 2024.

Americas – Regions and Availability Zones
RegionsCode# of ZonesLocationCountry
Montréalnorthamerica-northeast13MontréalCanada
Torontonorthamerica-northeast23TorontoCanada
São Paulosouthamerica-east13São PauloBrazil
Santiagosouthamerica-west13SantiagoChile
MexicoTBD*3QuerétaroMexico
Total15
*Future Google Cloud region.

Europe

In Europe, Google Cloud operates or is planning 12 regions and 36 availability zones. Presently, Google Cloud is available or will be opening in the following markets: Warsaw, Poland; Hamina, Finland; Madrid, Spain; St. Ghislain, Belgium; London, United Kingdom; Frankfurt, Germany; Eemshaven, Netherlands; Zürich, Switzerland; Milan, Italy; Paris, France; Berlin (including Brandenburg), Germany; and Turin, Italy.

Regions

Within these markets, Google Cloud operates data centers in the following regions: Warsaw (europe-central2); Finland (europe-north1); Madrid (europe-southwest1); Belgium (europe-west1); London (europe-west2); Frankfurt (europe-west3); Netherlands (europe-west4); Zürich (europe-west6); Milan (europe-west8); and Paris (europe-west9). While Google Cloud is establishing its next two Europe data center regions, in Berlin (including Brandenburg), Germany; and Turin, Italy.

Europe – Regions and Availability Zones
RegionsCode# of ZonesLocationCountry
Warsaweurope-central23WarsawPoland
Finlandeurope-north13HaminaFinland
Madrideurope-southwest13MadridSpain
Belgiumeurope-west13St. GhislainBelgium
Londoneurope-west23LondonUnited Kingdom
Frankfurteurope-west33FrankfurtGermany
Netherlandseurope-west43EemshavenNetherlands
Züricheurope-west63ZürichSwitzerland
Milaneurope-west83MilanItaly
Pariseurope-west93ParisFrance
BerlinTBD*3BerlinGermany
TurinTBD*3TurinItaly
Total36
*Future Google Cloud region.

Asia Pacific

In Asia Pacific, Google Cloud operates or is planning 14 regions and 42 availability zones. Specifically, Google Cloud is available or will be opening in the following markets: Changhua County, Taiwan; Hong Kong, SAR; Tokyo, Japan; Osaka, Japan; Seoul, South Korea; Mumbai, India; Delhi, India; Jurong West, Singapore; Jakarta, Indonesia; Sydney, Australia; Melbourne, Australia; Auckland, New Zealand; Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia; and Bangkok, Thailand.

Regions

Within these locations, Google Cloud operates data centers in the following regions: Taiwan (asia-east1), Hong Kong (asia-east2), Tokyo (asia-northeast1), Osaka (asia-northeast2), Seoul (asia-northeast3), Mumbai (asia-south1), Delhi (asia-south2), Singapore (asia-southeast1), Jakarta (asia-southeast2), Sydney (australia-southeast1), and Melbourne (australia-southeast2).

In addition, Google Cloud is establishing its next three Asia Pacific data center regions in Auckland, New Zealand; Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia; and Bangkok, Thailand.

Asia Pacific – Regions and Availability Zones
RegionsCode# of ZonesLocationCountry
Taiwanasia-east13Changhua CountyTaiwan
Hong Kongasia-east23Hong KongSAR
Tokyoasia-northeast13TokyoJapan
Osakaasia-northeast23OsakaJapan
Seoulasia-northeast33SeoulSouth Korea
Mumbaiasia-south13MumbaiIndia
Delhiasia-south23DelhiIndia
Singaporeasia-southeast13Jurong WestSingapore
Jakartaasia-southeast23JakartaIndonesia
Sydneyaustralia-southeast13SydneyAustralia
Melbourneaustralia-southeast23MelbourneAustralia
New ZealandTBD*3AucklandNew Zealand
MalaysiaTBD*3Kuala LumpurMalaysia
ThailandTBD*3BangkokThailand
Total42
*Future Google Cloud region.

Middle East and Africa

In the Middle East and Africa, Google Cloud operates or is planning 4 regions and 12 availability zones. Particularly, Google Cloud is available or will be opening in the following markets: Tel Aviv, Israel (me-west1); Cape Town, South Africa; Dammam, Saudi Arabia; and Doha, Qatar.

Middle East and Africa – Regions and Availability Zones
RegionsCode# of ZonesLocationCountry
Tel Avivme-west13Tel AvivIsrael
Cape TownTBD*3Cape TownSouth Africa
DammamTBD*3DammamSaudi Arabia
DohaTBD*3DohaQatar
Total12
*Future Google Cloud region.

Where Are Google’s Data Centers Located?

In total, Google has nearly 30 owned data centers either in operation or under development across 10 countries throughout the world. Google owns and operates these data centers to keep its products running and the internet functioning 24 hours a day, 7 days a week.

Google Owned Data Center Locations

United States

Google operates or is building 19 data centers in 14 states across the U.S., including Alabama, Georgia, Iowa, Missouri, Nebraska, Nevada, North Carolina, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, and Virginia.

United States – Google Data Centers

Below is a summary of Google’s United States data center locations, including each of their addresses:

AddressCityCountyState
1430 Veterans Memorial HighwayCouncil BluffsPottawattamieIowa
10410 Bunge AvenueCouncil BluffsPottawattamieIowa
Parvin Road and Arlington AvenueKansas CityJacksonMissouri
14706 Schram RoadPapillionSarpyNebraska
Blair High Road and State StreetUnionCassNebraska
1101 Beech Road SWNew AlbanyFranklinOhio
48809 AL Highway 277BridgeportJacksonAlabama
300 Riverside ParkwayLithia SpringsDouglasGeorgia
708 Lynhaven DriveLenoirCaldwellNorth Carolina
1669 Garrott AvenueMoncks CornerBerkeleySouth Carolina
100 Solar WayClarksvilleMontgomeryTennessee
42575 Arcola BoulevardSterlingLoudounVirginia
20491 Goose Landing LaneLeesburgLoudounVirginia
4581 Webb StreetPryorMayesOklahoma
3800 Railport ParkwayMidlothianEllisTexas
State Highway 342 and Ovilla RoadRed OakEllisTexas
540 & 560 W Warm Springs RoadHendersonClarkNevada
7400 USA ParkwaySparksStoreyNevada
4200 Columbia RoadThe DallesWascoOregon

Facility-level investment and employment details for each of Google’s United States data center locations, grouped by region, are as follows:

Midwest – United States – Google Data Centers
  • Council Bluffs: Google has invested a total of $5 billion into its two data center campuses in Council Bluffs, Pottawattamie County, Iowa, creating jobs for over 900 people on-site
  • Papillion: Google is investing a total of $600 million into its data center campus in Papillion, Sarpy County, Nebraska. Overall, Google has more than 120 full-time employees in Nebraska
  • New Albany: Google is investing a total of $600 million into its data center campus in New Albany, Franklin County, Ohio. Overall, Google has more than 210 full-time employees in Ohio
Southeast – United States – Google Data Centers
  • Bridgeport: Google has invested a total of $600 million into its data center campus in Bridgeport, Jackson County, Alabama, creating jobs for over 100 people on-site and more than 230 in the state
  • Lithia Springs: Google has invested over $1.2 billion into its data center campus in Lithia Springs, Douglas County, Georgia, creating jobs for over 500 people in the state

READ MORE: Google’s 9,000-Mile Firmina Subsea Cable Connects to Lithia Springs

  • Lenoir: Google has invested a total of $1.2 billion into its data center campus in Lenoir, Caldwell County, North Carolina, creating jobs for more than 250 people on-site and over 340 in the state
  • Moncks Corner: Google has invested a total of $2.4 billion into its data center campus in Moncks Corner, Berkeley County, South Carolina, creating jobs for more than 400 people on-site and over 750 in the state
  • Clarksville: Google is investing a total of $600 million into its data center campus in Clarksville, Montgomery County, Tennessee, which will employ more than 70 personnel once fully operational
  • Sterling/Leesburg: Google has invested a total of $1.2 billion into its two data center campuses in Sterling and Leesburg, which are both part of Loudoun County, Virginia. Overall, Google has more than 480 full-time employees in Virginia

READ MORE: Data Centers in Virginia – Ashburn, Loudoun, and Beyond

Southwest – United States – Google Data Centers
  • Pryor: Google has invested a total of $4.4 billion into its data center campus in Pryor, Mayes County, Oklahoma, creating jobs for more than 800 people on-site
  • Midlothian: Google is investing a total of $600 million into its data center campus in Midlothian, Ellis County, Texas. Overall, Google has more than 2,400 full-time employees in Texas
West – United States – Google Data Centers
  • Henderson: Google has invested a total of $1.2 billion into its data center campus in Henderson, Clark County, Nevada. Together with Google’s data center campus in Sparks, Nevada (below), the company has invested $1.8 billion in Nevada and has created jobs for more than 200 people in the state
  • Sparks: Google has invested a total of $600 million into its data center campus in Sparks, Storey County, Nevada
  • The Dalles: Google has invested a total of $1.8 billion into its data center campus in The Dalles, Wasco County, Oregon, creating jobs for over 200 people on-site

Americas

Google operates one data center and is building a second facility in the Americas. These facilities are located in the city of Beauharnois, Québec, Canada – which is located just outside of Montréal – and the municipality of Quilicura, near Santiago, Chile. Notably, Google estimates that its long-term investment will be over $290 million into its data center campus in Quilicura, Chile.

Below is a summary of Google’s Americas data center locations, including each of their addresses:

AddressLocationMetroCountry
Chemin de la Rivière-Saint-Louis NBeauharnoisMontréalCanada
El Molino 2130QuilicuraSantiagoChile

Europe

Google operates or is building 6 data centers in 5 countries across Europe, namely Belgium, Denmark, Finland, Ireland, and the Netherlands.

Europe – Google Data Centers

Below is a summary of Google’s Europe data center locations, including each of their addresses:

AddressLocationMetro / RegionCountry
Rue de Ghlin 100, 7331St. Ghislain / MonsWalloniaBelgium
Prinsessens Kvartér 10, 7000FredericiaJutlandDenmark
Ensontie 1, 49420HaminaKymenlaaksoFinland
22 Baldonnel RoadAungierstownDublinIreland
Oostpolder 4, 9979 XTEemshavenGroningenNetherlands
Tussenweg 12, 1775 RKMiddenmeerAmsterdamNetherlands

Facility-level investment and employment details for each of Google’s Europe data center locations are as follows:

  • Belgium: Google has invested a total of €1.6 billion into its data center campus near the towns of St. Ghislain and Mons, in Wallonia, Belgium
  • Denmark: Google has invested a total of €600 million into its data center campus in Fredericia, Jutland, Denmark, creating jobs for around 150 people on-site
  • Finland: Google has invested a total of €1.2 billion into its data center campus in Hamina, Kymenlaakso, Finland
  • Ireland: Google has invested a total of €500 million into its data center campus in Aungierstown, Dublin, Ireland, which is specifically located in the Grange Castle Business Park South
  • Netherlands: Google has invested a total of €2.5 billion into its two data center campuses in Eemshaven and Middenmeer, in the Netherlands, which together have created jobs for around 600 people on-site

Asia Pacific

Google operates 2 data centers in 2 countries across Asia Pacific, namely Singapore and Taiwan.

Below is a summary of Google’s Asia Pacific data center locations, including each of their addresses:

AddressLocationRegionCountry
2 Jurong West Street 23Jurong WestWest RegionSingapore
No. 85, Zhangbin West 2nd RoadXianxi TownshipChanghua CountyTaiwan

Facility-level investment and employment details for each of Google’s Asia Pacific data center locations are as follows:

  • Singapore: Google has invested a total of $850 million into its data center campus in Jurong West, Singapore
  • Taiwan: Google has invested a total of $600 million into its data center campus in Xianxi Township, Changhua County, Taiwan

How Does Google Select a Data Center Location?

Google selects a data center location using a number of site selection criteria, including energy infrastructure, proximity to Google’s end users, available workforce, available land, exposure to natural disasters, fiber connectivity, and sustainable energy. Below are further details on Google’s 7 main criteria groups for selecting a data center location:

  1. Energy Infrastructure: Google’s multi-megawatt data center deployments require abundant and low-cost power, as well as the appropriate energy infrastructure such as overhead power transmission lines
  2. Proximity to End Users: Google builds data centers in close proximity to large population clusters to ensure that its various services – such as Google Cloud, Gmail, Search, and YouTube – can respond quickly to end user demands
  3. Workforce: available information technology and engineering workforce, as well personnel for roles in operations, maintenance, and security, are all critical for running data centers
  4. Land: Google requires available land parcels, comprising tens of acres – and often 100+ acres – in order to build-out each of its massive data center locations
  5. Natural Disasters: areas that are prone to earthquakes, extreme weather events (e.g., hurricanes and tornadoes), or floods are not good candidates to build data centers that house thousands of servers
  6. Fiber Connectivity: latency limits and distance to nearby points-of-presence (PoPs), or network access points (NAPs), is a major consideration
  7. Sustainable Energy: since power is a high ongoing cost and impacts the environment, Google seeks reliable and efficient carbon-free energy options to enable sustainable operations

Once a data center location is chosen and land is acquired, then Google can commence data center construction. Overall, Google’s data center construction projects are generally multi-year developments with multiple phases, where the company acquires suitable land and buildings, constructs buildings, and secures and installs information technology infrastructure (e.g., servers).

READ MORE: How Much Does it Cost to Build a Data Center?

Mary Zhang covers Data Centers for Dgtl Infra, including Equinix (NASDAQ: EQIX), Digital Realty (NYSE: DLR), CyrusOne, CoreSite Realty, QTS Realty, Switch Inc, Iron Mountain (NYSE: IRM), Cyxtera (NASDAQ: CYXT), and many more. Within Data Centers, Mary focuses on the sub-sectors of hyperscale, enterprise / colocation, cloud service providers, and edge computing. Mary has over 5 years of experience in research and writing for Data Centers.

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