Microsoft Azure, the cloud computing service of Microsoft, currently operates or is establishing data centers in 36 countries and 163 locations around the world. Growth in user traffic, coupled with the rising demand for Microsoft’s cloud-based products and services, including Bing, Azure, Microsoft 365, Microsoft Teams, Dynamics 365, OneDrive, LinkedIn, Skype, Xbox, and Outlook.com, are all fueling the company’s need for more data center capacity. To understand the company’s portfolio in greater detail, Dgtl Infra answers the questions: How Many Data Centers Does Microsoft Azure Have? and Where Are Microsoft Azure Data Centers Located?

In total, Microsoft Azure operates over 300 physical data centers in various global locations, with each distinct building home to a group of networked computer servers. These data centers are arranged into 64 regions – Microsoft Azure’s term for a set of data centers – that are deployed within a latency-defined perimeter and linked by over 175,000 miles of terrestrial and subsea fiber-optic networks.

Azure is Microsoft’s comprehensive suite of cloud services that provides developers, IT professionals, and enterprises with the ability to build, deploy, and manage applications on any platform or device. For the most recent quarter, Microsoft reported revenue of $25.9 billion from its Intelligent Cloud segment, representing a 19% increase year-over-year. Extrapolated over a year, this means that Microsoft generates annualized revenue of $103.5 billion from Azure, other cloud services, and server products.

Dgtl Infra examines Microsoft Azure’s cloud regions, availability zones, and data centers that underpin its rapidly expanding cloud computing operations. Our review concentrates on Azure’s current infrastructure locations and highlights where future facilities are planned.

How Many Data Centers Does Microsoft Azure Have?

Microsoft Azure currently has 64 regions in operation and a further 15 under development, meaning that the company will have a total of 79 regions available in the near-term. Within each Azure region are 1 to 3 unique physical locations, known as availability zones, which offer high uptime to protect data and applications from data center failures.

Presently, Microsoft Azure has 126 availability zones in operation and a further 37 under development, meaning that the company will have a total of 163 availability zones existing in the near-term.

Microsoft Azure Regions and Availability Zones

Microsoft Azure Regions and Availability Zones

Each Microsoft Azure availability zone is made up of one or more data centers equipped with independent power, cooling, and networking. The physical separation of availability zones within a region protects applications and data from facility-level disruptions.

Microsoft Azure’s more than 300 data centers span over 75 million square feet. Together, they provide high availability, low latency, and scalability, by being connected with Azure’s diverse and global fiber paths that traverse over 175,000 miles (280,000 kilometers). Moreover, Microsoft Azure’s Chief Technology Officer, Mark Russinovich, states that the company will “be adding 50 to 100 new datacenters each year for the foreseeable future”.

Regional Data Center Proximity Strategy

In certain markets, Microsoft has implemented a self-imposed requirement stipulating that its data centers must be located within 20 kilometers (12.5 miles) of existing ones in the same regional network. For instance, to provide Azure Cloud Services in Northern Virginia, Microsoft’s data centers should be situated in Loudoun County, Prince William County, or Fairfax County. This 12.5-mile proximity is essential for Microsoft to uphold its service level agreements (SLAs) concerning latency, resiliency, and reliability for regional customers.

Where Are Microsoft Azure Data Centers Located?

While Microsoft does not disclose the exact addresses of its data centers, the company does identify its regions and availability zones. Below is a summary of Microsoft Azure’s – operating and future – 79 regions and 163 availability zones throughout the United States, Azure Government, Americas, Europe, Asia Pacific, as well as in the Middle East and Africa.

Microsoft Azure Data Centre Centres Location Aerial of Building
Microsoft Azure Data Center Location in Sweden.

Note that certain regions, which are marked with an asterisk in the tables below, are access-restricted to support specific Microsoft Azure customer scenarios. For example, these regions may be reserved for customers requiring in-country disaster recovery.

United States

In the United States, Microsoft Azure operates or is planning 10 regions and 24 availability zones. Specifically, Azure is available or will be opening in the following markets: Des Moines, Iowa; Richmond, Virginia; Atlanta, Georgia; Chicago, Illinois; San Antonio, Texas; Cheyenne, Wyoming; San Francisco, California; Moses Lake (Quincy), Washington; and Phoenix, Arizona.

Aerial of a Microsoft Data Center Location in Cheyenne Wyoming in the United States
Microsoft Azure Data Center Location in Cheyenne, Wyoming.

Regions

Within these markets, Microsoft Azure operates data centers in the following regions: Central US, East US, East US 2, North Central US, South Central US, West Central US, West US, West US 2, and West US 3. While Azure is establishing its next United States data center region, known as East US 3, in the metro Atlanta, Georgia area, with a presence in both Douglas and Fulton Counties.

United States – Regions and Availability Zones
RegionsCodeZonesCityStateOpened
Central UScentralus3Des MoinesIowa2014
East USeastus3RichmondVirginia2012
East US 2eastus23RichmondVirginia2014
East US 3eastus33AtlantaGeorgiaFuture
North Central USnorthcentralus1ChicagoIllinois2009
South Central USsouthcentralus3San AntonioTexas2008
West Central USwestcentralus1CheyenneWyoming2016
West USwestus1San FranciscoCalifornia2012
West US 2westus23Moses LakeWashington2007
West US 3westus33PhoenixArizona2021
Total24
East US 3 Region – Atlanta, Georgia

Microsoft Azure is building its East US 3 region by developing 980,000 square feet across four data centers at 1601 North River Road in Douglasville, Douglas County, Georgia. Additionally, the company plans to construct a 250,000 square foot data center in both East Point and Palmetto, which are cities located in Fulton County, Georgia.

Azure Government

Azure Government is a cloud service built to meet government security and compliance requirements for classified and unclassified U.S. Government data. For example, agencies and organizations that Azure Government targets are the Department of Defense (DoD), the U.S. Intelligence Community – which includes the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) and Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) – federal civilians, and state & local governments.

Azure Cloud Servers Racks and Rows in a Data Storage Facility
Microsoft Data Center Located in Washington State.

Through the Azure Government service, Microsoft Azure operates or is planning 8 regions and 10 availability zones. Presently, Azure Government is available in the following markets: Des Moines, Iowa; Richmond, Virginia; Phoenix, Arizona; Austin, Texas; Washington, D.C.; and San Francisco, California.

Regions

Within these markets, Microsoft Azure operates data centers in the following regions: US DoD Central, US DoD East, US Gov Arizona, US Gov Texas, US Gov Virginia, US Sec East, and US Sec West. Additionally, Azure is establishing its next Azure Government data center region, known as US Sec West Central, in Des Moines, Iowa.

Azure Government – Regions and Availability Zones
RegionsCodeZonesCityStateOpened
US DoD Centralusdodcentral1Des MoinesIowa2017
US DoD Eastusdodeast1RichmondVirginia2017
US Gov Arizonausgovarizona1PhoenixArizona2017
US Gov Texasusgovtexas1AustinTexas2017
US Gov Virginiausgovvirginia3WashingtonD.C.2014
US Sec Eastusseceast1RichmondVirginia2020
US Sec Westussecwest1San FranciscoCalifornia2020
US Sec West Centralussecwestcentral1Des MoinesIowaFuture
Total10

Americas

In the Americas, Microsoft Azure operates or is planning 6 regions and 14 availability zones. Specifically, Azure is available or will be opening in the following markets: Campinas (São Paulo State), Brazil; Rio de Janeiro, Brazil; Toronto, Canada; Quebec City, Canada; Santiago, Chile; and Querétaro, Mexico.

Aerial of Azure Datacenter Location in the Americas Region

Regions

Within these markets, Microsoft Azure operates data centers in the following regions: Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Canada Central, and Canada East. Also, Azure is establishing its next two Americas data center regions, known as Chile Central and Mexico Central, in Santiago, Chile and Querétaro State, Mexico, respectively.

Americas – Regions and Availability Zones
RegionsCodeZonesLocationCountryOpened
Brazil Southbrazilsouth3CampinasBrazil2014
Brazil Southeast*brazilsoutheast1Rio de JaneiroBrazil2020
Canada Centralcanadacentral3TorontoCanada2016
Canada Eastcanadaeast1Quebec CityCanada2016
Chile Centralchilecentral3SantiagoChileFuture
Mexico Centralmexicocentral3QuerétaroMexico2024
Total14

In Chile, Microsoft disclosed plans for its first data center development project in the commune of Quilicura, a location within the country’s capital, Santiago. Overall, this $317 million facility will comprise 26 MVA of utility power and 732,000 square feet (68,000 square meters) of area. Also, as part of Microsoft’s expansion into Chile, the company has made a commitment for its data centers to shift to a 100% supply of renewable energy by 2025.

In Mexico, Microsoft built a data center on the Arkansas State University Campus Querétaro, which is located at Carretera Estatal 100, km 17.5, Municipio Colón, in Querétaro, Mexico.

Europe

In Europe, Microsoft Azure operates or is planning 24 regions and 52 availability zones. Particularly, Azure is available or will be opening in the following markets: Vienna, Austria; Brussels, Belgium; Copenhagen, Denmark; Helsinki, Finland; Paris, France; Marseille, France; Frankfurt, Germany; Berlin, Germany; Magdeburg, Germany; Athens, Greece; Dublin, Ireland; Milan, Italy; Amsterdam, Netherlands; Oslo, Norway; Stavanger, Norway; Warsaw, Poland; Madrid, Spain; Gävle, Sweden; Staffanstorp (Malmö), Sweden; Zürich, Switzerland; Geneva, Switzerland; London, United Kingdom; and Cardiff, United Kingdom.

Oherhead of a Microsoft Azure Datacenter Server Farm in Europe

Regions

Within these markets, Microsoft Azure operates data centers in the following regions: France Central, France South, Germany Central (Sovereign), Germany North, Germany Northeast (Sovereign), Germany West Central, North Europe, Italy North, West Europe, Norway East, Norway West, Poland Central, Sweden Central, Sweden South, Switzerland North, Switzerland West, UK South, and UK West.

In addition, Azure is establishing 6 new data center regions in Europe, known as Austria East, Belgium Central, Denmark East, Finland Central, Greece Central, and Spain Central. These new regions will be in Vienna, Austria; Brussels, Belgium; Copenhagen, Denmark; Helsinki, Finland; Athens, Greece; and Madrid, Spain.

Europe – Regions and Availability Zones
RegionsCodeZonesLocationCountryOpened
Austria Eastaustriaeast3ViennaAustriaFuture
Belgium Centralbelgiumcentral1BrusselsBelgiumFuture
Denmark Eastdenmarkeast3CopenhagenDenmarkFuture
Finland Centralfinlandcentral1HelsinkiFinlandFuture
France Centralfrancecentral3ParisFrance2018
France South*francesouth1MarseilleFrance2018
Germany Central (Sovereign)germanycentral1FrankfurtGermany2016
Germany North*germanynorth1BerlinGermany2019
Germany Northeast (Sovereign)germanynortheast1MagdeburgGermany2016
Germany West Centralgermanywestcentral3FrankfurtGermany2019
Greece Centralgreececentral3AthensGreeceFuture
North Europenortheurope3DublinIreland2009
Italy Northitalynorth3MilanItaly2023
West Europewesteurope3AmsterdamNetherlands2010
Norway Eastnorwayeast3OsloNorway2019
Norway West*norwaywest1StavangerNorway2019
Poland Centralpolandcentral3WarsawPoland2023
Spain Centralspaincentral3MadridSpainFuture
Sweden Centralswedencentral3GävleSweden2021
Sweden South*swedensouth1StaffanstorpSweden2021
Switzerland Northswitzerlandnorth3ZürichSwitzerland2019
Switzerland West*switzerlandwest1GenevaSwitzerland2019
UK Southuksouth3LondonUK2016
UK Westukwest1CardiffUK2016
Total52

Additional details on Microsoft Azure’s 6 new data center regions in locations throughout Europe are as follows:

  1. Austria East (Vienna): Cloud region will have 3 availability zones and will help generate up to $2.1 billion in new revenue in Austria’s ecosystem of local partners and cloud customers, over the next 4 years
  2. Belgium Central (Brussels): Cloud region will have 1 availability zone and will help generate up to €31.5 billion in new revenue for Belgium, over the next 4 years
  3. Denmark East (Copenhagen): Cloud region will have 3 availability zones and plans to be powered by 100% renewable energy
  4. Finland Central (Helsinki): Cloud region will have 1 availability zone and will help generate up to €17.2 billion in new revenue between Finland’s ecosystem and cloud customers, over the next 4 years
  5. Greece Central (Athens): Cloud region will have 3 availability zones and will comprise an investment of up to $1 billion into Greece’s economy
  6. Spain Central (Madrid): Cloud region will have 3 availability zones, with plans to leverage Telefónica’s infrastructure, as part of its global strategic partnership with Microsoft

In total, Microsoft plans to quadruple its investments in AI and cloud infrastructure in Spain, aiming to reach $2.1 billion by 2025. This includes expanding its cloud region in Madrid and building a data center campus in Aragon, Spain, to serve European companies and public entities.

Asia Pacific

In Asia Pacific, Microsoft Azure operates or is planning 24 regions and 46 availability zones. Specifically, Azure is available or will be opening in the following markets: Canberra, Australia; Sydney (New South Wales), Australia; Melbourne (Victoria), Australia; Shanghai, China; Nanjing (Jiangsu), China; Beijing, China; Langfang (Hebei), China; Hong Kong, SAR; Pune, India; Hyderabad, India; Chennai, India; Mumbai, India; Jakarta, Indonesia; Tokyo (Saitama), Japan; Osaka, Japan; Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia; Auckland, New Zealand; Singapore; Seoul, South Korea; Busan, South Korea; and Taipei, Taiwan.

Computer Facilities and Information Repositories for Microsoft Corporation

Regions

Within these markets, Microsoft Azure operates data centers in the following regions: Australia Central, Australia Central 2, Australia East, Australia Southeast, China East, China East 2, China East 3, China North, China North 2, China North 3, East Asia, Central India, South India, West India, Japan East, Japan West, Southeast Asia, Korea Central, and Korea South.

Also, Azure is establishing 5 new data center regions in Asia Pacific, known as India South Central, Indonesia Central, Malaysia West, New Zealand North, and Taiwan North. These new regions will be in Hyderabad, India; Jakarta, Indonesia; Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia; Auckland, New Zealand; and Taipei, Taiwan.

Asia Pacific – Regions and Availability Zones
RegionsCodeZonesLocationCountryOpened
Australia Centralaustraliacentral1CanberraAustralia2018
Australia Central 2*australiacentral21CanberraAustralia2018
Australia Eastaustraliaeast3SydneyAustralia2014
Australia Southeastaustraliasoutheast1MelbourneAustralia2014
China Eastchinaeast1ShanghaiChina2014
China East 2chinaeast21ShanghaiChina2018
China East 3*chinaeast31NanjingChina2022
China Northchinanorth1BeijingChina2014
China North 2chinanorth21BeijingChina2018
China North 3chinanorth33LangfangChina2022
East Asiaeastasia3Hong KongSAR2010
Central Indiacentralindia3PuneIndia2015
India South Centralindiasouthcentral1HyderabadIndiaFuture
South Indiasouthindia1ChennaiIndia2015
West Indiawestindia1MumbaiIndia2015
Indonesia Centralindonesiacentral3JakartaIndonesiaFuture
Japan Eastjapaneast3Tokyo, SaitamaJapan2014
Japan Westjapanwest1OsakaJapan2014
Malaysia Westmalaysiawest3Kuala LumpurMalaysiaFuture
New Zealand Northnewzealandnorth3AucklandNew ZealandFuture
Southeast Asiasoutheastasia3SingaporeSingapore2010
Korea Centralkoreacentral3SeoulSouth Korea2017
Korea South*koreasouth1BusanSouth Korea2017
Taiwan Northtaiwannorth3TaipeiTaiwanFuture
Total46

Additional details on Microsoft Azure’s 5 new data center regions in locations throughout Asia Pacific are as follows:

  1. India South Central (Hyderabad): Cloud region will have 1 availability zone. Hyderabad resides in the state of Telangana and Microsoft is partnering with the government of Telangana to accelerate cloud adoption
  2. Indonesia Central (Jakarta): Cloud region will have 3 availability zones and will support companies such as Bukalapak, Pertamina, and the Ministry of Agriculture, which utilize Microsoft’s cloud services
  3. Malaysia West (Kuala Lumpur): Cloud region will have 3 availability zones and forms part of Microsoft’s $1 billion, five-year investment plan for Malaysia. The region, once available, will support companies including Petroliam Nasional Berhad (PETRONAS) and Celcom Axiata Berhad
  4. New Zealand North (Auckland): Cloud region will have 3 availability zones and will support companies including Fonterra, a New Zealand dairy co-operative, and Spark NZ, a wireless carrier and fixed broadband provider in New Zealand
  5. Taiwan North (Taipei): Cloud region will have 3 availability zones and will help generate more than $10 billion in new revenue between Taiwan’s ecosystem and cloud customers, over the next 4 years

Additionally, in 2024, Microsoft announced a $2.9 billion investment over the next two years to expand its AI and cloud infrastructure in Japan, effectively doubling its existing financial commitment in the country.

Middle East and Africa

In the Middle East and Africa, Microsoft Azure operates or is planning 7 regions and 17 availability zones. Particularly, Azure is available or will be opening in the following markets: Tel Aviv, Israel; Doha, Qatar; Dammam, Saudi Arabia; Johannesburg, South Africa; Cape Town, South Africa; Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates (UAE); and Dubai, United Arab Emirates (UAE).

Microsoft Azure Cloud Region and Availability Zone Inside View of Building

Regions

Within these markets, Microsoft Azure operates data centers in the following regions: Israel Central, Qatar Central, South Africa North, South Africa West, UAE Central, and UAE North. While Azure is establishing its next Middle East data center region, known as Saudi Arabia East, in Dammam, Saudi Arabia.

Middle East and Africa – Regions and Availability Zones
RegionsCodeZonesLocationCountryOpened
Israel Centralisraelcentral3Tel AvivIsrael2023
Qatar Centralqatarcentral3DohaQatar2022
Saudi Arabia Eastsaudiarabiaeast3DammamSaudi ArabiaFuture
South Africa Northsouthafricanorth3JohannesburgSouth Africa2019
South Africa West*southafricawest1Cape TownSouth Africa2019
UAE Central*uaecentral1Abu DhabiUAE2019
UAE Northuaenorth3DubaiUAE2019
Total17

In Israel, Microsoft Azure is building a data center in the Modi’in Technology Park, a location between Tel Aviv and Jerusalem. Overall, Microsoft plans to spend up to $1 billion to $1.5 billion in Israel, which includes an allocation towards its data center investments.

*Certain regions are access-restricted to support specific Microsoft Azure customer scenarios. For example, these regions may be reserved for customers requiring in-country disaster recovery.

Microsoft Azure’s Cloud Value Proposition

Microsoft Azure’s cloud services enable businesses to enhance efficiency and minimize costs. Azure achieves this through its expansive data center portfolio, which delivers three primary economies of scale:

  1. Cost Efficiency: Large-scale data centers provide computational resources and power at a cost-per-unit that’s notably lower than that of smaller facilities
  2. Resource Optimization: These data centers consolidate and balance demand from diverse customers, regions, and applications, optimizing the use of computing, storage, and networking resources
  3. Maintenance Savings: Multi-tenant infrastructure reduces application maintenance expenses and labor costs

Overall, Microsoft’s cloud serves over 1 billion customers and more than 20 million companies globally, with 95% of Fortune 500 companies running on Microsoft cloud services. Microsoft Azure’s main competitors in the cloud service provider (CSP) space include Amazon Web Services (AWS), Google Cloud, Oracle Cloud, and Alibaba Cloud.

READ MORE: Top 10 Cloud Service Providers Globally

Mary Zhang covers Data Centers for Dgtl Infra, including Equinix (NASDAQ: EQIX), Digital Realty (NYSE: DLR), CyrusOne, CoreSite Realty, QTS Realty, Switch Inc, Iron Mountain (NYSE: IRM), Cyxtera (NASDAQ: CYXT), and many more. Within Data Centers, Mary focuses on the sub-sectors of hyperscale, enterprise / colocation, cloud service providers, and edge computing. Mary has over 5 years of experience in research and writing for Data Centers.

LEAVE A REPLY

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here