Oracle Cloud Infrastructure (OCI), the cloud computing service of Oracle Corporation, provides compute, storage, and networking services through its data centers in 24 countries and over 40 locations around the world. Growth in Oracle Cloud regions and the company’s core products and platforms, such as Oracle Autonomous Database, Fusion applications, MySQL HeatWave, Java, and Oracle Middleware, are driving the company’s need for more data center capacity.

In total, Oracle Cloud operates or is developing 63 data centers around the world. These data centers support Oracle’s current and planned 53 cloud regions – a physical location where it clusters data centers – that are highly available, fault-tolerant, and very unlikely to fail simultaneously.

Oracle Cloud Infrastructure (OCI) typically charges a prepaid fee that gradually decreases as its OCI services are consumed by a customer over a defined time period. For the latest quarter, Oracle’s Cloud IaaS revenue reached $1.8 billion, an increase of 49% year-over-year. Therefore, on an annualized basis, Oracle Cloud produces $7.2 billion of revenue.

Dgtl Infra reviews Oracle Cloud’s regions, availability zones, and data centers which support its rapidly growing cloud computing business, with a focus on the company’s existing infrastructure locations and where future deployments will be built.

How Many Data Centers Does Oracle Cloud Have?

Oracle Cloud currently has 48 regions in operation and a further 5 under development, meaning that the company will have a total of 53 regions available in the near-term.

Oracle Cloud Data Center with Server Racks and Cabinets Aligned in Rows

Each Oracle Cloud region is composed of 1 to 3 isolated and physically separate data centers with distinct physical infrastructure (i.e., power, cooling, and networking), known by Oracle as availability domains, and commonly referred to by other cloud service providers as availability zones. Within the same region, these availability domains are interconnected by a low-latency, high-bandwidth network.

Over the coming years, Oracle plans to build 100 new cloud data centers to meet “billions of dollars” in excess contracted demand that exceeds its current capacity, which is constrained by data center space, power requirements, and GPU availability.

Ultimately, Oracle plans to establish a minimum of two geographically distributed cloud regions in every country where it operates. At present, it has already established two separate cloud regions in each of: the United States, Brazil, Canada, Chile, Mexico, the United Kingdom, France, Germany, Spain, South Korea, Japan, India, Australia, and the United Arab Emirates (UAE).

Availability Domains

Oracle Cloud has 58 availability domains in operation and a further 5 under development, meaning that the company will have a total of 63 availability domains existing in the near-term.

Because availability domains are isolated from each other, they are fault tolerant, and very unlikely to fail simultaneously. Furthermore, given that availability domains do not share infrastructure – such as power and cooling, a failure at one availability domain within a region is unlikely to impact the availability of the others within the same region.

Oracle Cloud Regions and Availability Domains

Below is an illustration of the layout of an Oracle Cloud region, which has three availability domains.

Oracle Cloud’s availability domains allow customers to ensure high-availability connectivity both to the internet and on-premises. Additionally, they can build systems replicated across multiple availability domains, catering to both high-availability and disaster recovery needs.

Benefits of Oracle Cloud

Oracle Cloud Infrastructure (OCI) offers customers high-performance, scalable, cost-effective and secure infrastructure that is designed to be rapidly deployable and provide real-time elasticity. Simultaneously, Oracle Cloud enables customers to reduce the amount of time and resources normally consumed by IT processes within on-premise data centers.

Oracle Servers that are X7-2 x86 and Secure Reliable Performances

Customers use Oracle Cloud to build and operate new cloud-native applications, run new workloads, and move their existing Oracle or non-Oracle workloads to Oracle Cloud from their on-premise data centers or from other cloud-based IT environments.

To this end, Oracle Cloud differentiates itself from other cloud service providers (CSPs) by offering enhanced security and by separating cloud control code computers from customer data compute nodes. Most notably, Oracle Cloud competes for customers with the following CSPs: Amazon Web Services (AWS), Microsoft Azure, Google Cloud, and Alibaba Cloud.

READ MORE: Top 10 Cloud Service Providers Globally

Where Are Oracle Cloud’s Data Centers Located?

Oracle Cloud’s regions and availability domains (also known as availability zones) are physical locations where the company clusters data centers around the world. Below is a summary of Oracle Cloud’s – operating and future – 53 regions and 63 availability zones throughout the United States, Americas, Europe, Asia Pacific, as well as in the Middle East and Africa.

United States

In the United States, Oracle Cloud operates 9 regions and 15 availability zones. Specifically, Oracle operates facilities in the following markets: Ashburn, Virginia; Chicago, Illinois; Phoenix, Arizona; and San Jose, California.

Segmenting the United States further, Oracle Cloud divides its regions into Commercial and Government, which itself comprises U.S. Government and U.S. Department of Defense (DoD).

Oracle Cloud Regions and Availability Domain Zone Service Datacenter

Regions

Within these markets, Oracle Cloud operates data centers in the following regions: US East (Ashburn), known as us-ashburn-1; US Midwest (Chicago), known as us-chicago-1; US West (Phoenix), known as us-phoenix-1; US West (San Jose), known as us-sanjose-1; US Gov East (Ashburn), known as us-langley-1; US Gov West (Phoenix), known as us-luke-1; US DoD East (Ashburn), known as us-gov-ashburn-1; US DoD North (Chicago), known as us-gov-chicago-1; and US DoD West (Phoenix), known as us-gov-phoenix-1.

United States – Regions and Availability Zones
RegionsCodeZonesLocationStateOpened
US East (Ashburn)us-ashburn-13AshburnVirginia2017
US Midwest (Chicago)us-chicago-13ChicagoIllinois2022
US West (Phoenix)us-phoenix-13PhoenixArizona2016
US West (San Jose)us-sanjose-11San JoseCalifornia2020
US Gov East (Ashburn)us-langley-11AshburnVirginia2018
US Gov West (Phoenix)us-luke-11PhoenixArizona2018
US DoD East (Ashburn)us-gov-ashburn-11AshburnVirginia2019
US DoD North (Chicago)us-gov-chicago-11ChicagoIllinois2020
US DoD West (Phoenix)us-gov-phoenix-11PhoenixArizona2019
Total15

Americas

In the Americas, Oracle Cloud operates 9 regions and 9 availability zones. Particularly, Oracle Cloud is available in the following markets: São Paulo, Brazil; Vinhedo, Brazil; Montreal, Canada; Toronto, Canada; Santiago, Chile; Valparaíso, Chile; Bogotá, Colombia; Querétaro, Mexico; and Monterrey, Mexico.

Oracle Computer Facilities for IT Infrastructure in Row Setup

Regions

Within these locations, Oracle Cloud operates data centers in the following regions: Brazil East (Sao Paulo), known as sa-saopaulo-1; Brazil Southeast (Vinhedo), known as sa-vinhedo-1; Canada Southeast (Montreal), known as ca-montreal-1; Canada Southeast (Toronto), known as ca-toronto-1; Chile Central (Santiago), known as sa-santiago-1; Chile West (Valparaiso), known as sa-valparaiso-1; Colombia Central (Bogota), known as sa-bogota-1; Mexico Central (Querétaro), known as mx-queretaro-1; and Mexico Northeast (Monterrey), known as mx-monterrey-1.

Americas – Regions and Availability Zones
RegionsCodeZonesLocationCountryOpened
Brazil East (Sao Paulo)sa-saopaulo-11São PauloBrazil2019
Brazil Southeast (Vinhedo)sa-vinhedo-11VinhedoBrazil2021
Canada Southeast (Montreal)ca-montreal-11MontrealCanada2020
Canada Southeast (Toronto)ca-toronto-11TorontoCanada2019
Chile Central (Santiago)sa-santiago-11SantiagoChile2020
Chile West (Valparaiso)sa-valparaiso-11ValparaísoChile2023
Colombia Central (Bogota)sa-bogota-11BogotáColombia2023
Mexico Central (Querétaro)mx-queretaro-11QuerétaroMexico2022
Mexico Northeast (Monterrey)mx-monterrey-11MonterreyMexico2023
Total9
*Future Oracle Cloud region.

Europe

In Europe, Oracle Cloud operates 15 regions and 19 availability zones. Presently, Oracle Cloud is available in the following markets: Paris, France; Marseille, France; Frankfurt, Germany; Milan, Italy; Amsterdam, Netherlands; Jovanovac, Serbia; Madrid, Spain; Stockholm, Sweden; Zürich, Switzerland; London, United Kingdom; and Newport, Wales (United Kingdom).

Segmenting Europe further, Oracle Cloud offers two regions in the United Kingdom specifically for the UK Government, as well as two Sovereign regions in Germany and Spain for customers across the European Union (EU).

Oracle’s Sovereign cloud regions allow organizations within the European Union (EU) to host data and applications that are sensitive, regulated, or of strategic regional importance, for example, to meet in-country data residency requirements like the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR).

Oracle Data Centre Technician Engineer and Operator within Facility

Regions

Within these markets, Oracle Cloud operates data centers in the following regions: France Central (Paris), known as eu-paris-1; France South (Marseille), known as eu-marseille-1; Germany Central (Frankfurt), known as eu-frankfurt-1; EU Sovereign Central (Frankfurt), known as eu-frankfurt-2; Italy Northwest (Milan), known as eu-milan-1; Netherlands Northwest (Amsterdam), known as eu-amsterdam-1; Serbia Central (Jovanovac), known as eu-jovanovac-1; Spain Central (Madrid), known as eu-madrid-1; EU Sovereign South (Madrid), known as eu-madrid-2; Sweden Central (Stockholm), known as eu-stockholm-1; Switzerland North (Zurich), known as eu-zurich-1; UK South (London), known as uk-london-1; UK West (Newport), known as uk-cardiff-1; UK Gov South (London), known as uk-gov-london-1; and UK Gov West (Newport), known as uk-gov-cardiff-1.

Europe – Regions and Availability Zones
RegionsCodeZonesLocationCountryOpened
France Central (Paris)eu-paris-11ParisFrance2022
France South (Marseille)eu-marseille-11MarseilleFrance2021
Germany Central (Frankfurt)eu-frankfurt-13FrankfurtGermany2017
EU Sovereign Central (Frankfurt)eu-frankfurt-21FrankfurtGermany2023
Italy Northwest (Milan)eu-milan-11MilanItaly2021
Netherlands Northwest (Amsterdam)eu-amsterdam-11AmsterdamNetherlands2020
Serbia Central (Jovanovac)eu-jovanovac-11JovanovacSerbia2023
Spain Central (Madrid)eu-madrid-11MadridSpain2022
EU Sovereign South (Madrid)eu-madrid-21MadridSpain2023
Sweden Central (Stockholm)eu-stockholm-11StockholmSweden2021
Switzerland North (Zurich)eu-zurich-11ZürichSwitzerland2019
UK South (London)uk-london-13LondonUnited Kingdom2018
UK West (Newport)uk-cardiff-11NewportUnited Kingdom2020
UK Gov South (London)uk-gov-london-11LondonUnited Kingdom2019
UK Gov West (Newport)uk-gov-cardiff-11NewportUnited Kingdom2020
Total19

Asia Pacific

In Asia Pacific, Oracle Cloud operates or is planning 11 regions and 11 availability zones. Specifically, Oracle Cloud is available in the following markets: Sydney, Australia; Melbourne, Australia; Canberra, Australia; Mumbai, India; Hyderabad, India; Tokyo, Japan; Osaka, Japan; Singapore; Seoul, South Korea; and Chuncheon, South Korea.

Oracle's Data Storage Centers with Enclosure to House Servers and IT Equipment

Regions

Within these locations, Oracle Cloud operates data centers in the following regions: Australia East (Sydney), known as ap-sydney-1; Australia Southeast (Melbourne), known as ap-melbourne-1; Australian Gov (Canberra), known as ap-dcc-canberra-1; India West (Mumbai), known as ap-mumbai-1; India South (Hyderabad), known as ap-hyderabad-1; Japan East (Tokyo), known as ap-tokyo-1; Japan Central (Osaka), known as ap-osaka-1; Singapore (Singapore), known as ap-singapore-1; South Korea Central (Seoul), known as ap-seoul-1; and South Korea North (Chuncheon), known as ap-chuncheon-1. While Oracle will be opening its next Asia Pacific data center region in Singapore, which is preliminarily being referred to as Singapore 2.

Asia Pacific – Regions and Availability Zones
RegionsCodeZonesLocationCountryOpened
Australia East (Sydney)ap-sydney-11SydneyAustralia2019
Australia Southeast (Melbourne)ap-melbourne-11MelbourneAustralia2020
Australian Gov (Canberra)ap-dcc-canberra-11CanberraAustralia2023
India West (Mumbai)ap-mumbai-11MumbaiIndia2019
India South (Hyderabad)ap-hyderabad-11HyderabadIndia2020
Japan East (Tokyo)ap-tokyo-11TokyoJapan2019
Japan Central (Osaka)ap-osaka-11OsakaJapan2020
Singapore (Singapore)ap-singapore-11QueenstownSingapore2021
South Korea Central (Seoul)ap-seoul-11SeoulSouth Korea2019
South Korea North (Chuncheon)ap-chuncheon-11ChuncheonSouth Korea2020
Singapore 2TBD*1SingaporeSingaporeFuture
Total11
*Future Oracle Cloud region.

Middle East and Africa

In the Middle East and Africa, Oracle Cloud operates or is planning 9 regions and 9 availability zones. Particularly, Oracle Cloud is available or will be opening in the following markets: Jerusalem, Israel; Jeddah, Saudi Arabia; Johannesburg, South Africa; Dubai, United Arab Emirates; Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates; Tel Aviv, Israel; Nairobi, Kenya; Riyadh, Saudi Arabia; and Neom, Saudi Arabia.

Oracle Data Center with Two Specialists for Installing and Maintaining IT Infrastructure

Regions

Within these markets, Oracle Cloud operates data centers in the following regions: Israel Central (Jerusalem), known as il-jerusalem-1; Saudi Arabia West (Jeddah), known as me-jeddah-1; South Africa Central (Johannesburg), known as af-johannesburg-1; UAE East (Dubai), known as me-dubai-1; and UAE Central (Abu Dhabi), known as me-abudhabi-1. While Oracle will be opening its next Middle East and Africa data center regions in Tel Aviv, Israel; Nairobi, Kenya; Riyadh, Saudi Arabia; and Neom, Saudi Arabia.

Middle East and Africa – Regions and Availability Zones
RegionsCodeZonesLocationCountryOpened
Israel Central (Jerusalem)il-jerusalem-11JerusalemIsrael2021
Saudi Arabia West (Jeddah)me-jeddah-11JeddahSaudi Arabia2020
South Africa Central (Johannesburg)af-johannesburg-11JohannesburgSouth Africa2022
UAE East (Dubai)me-dubai-11DubaiUAE2020
UAE Central (Abu Dhabi)me-abudhabi-11Abu DhabiUAE2021
Israel 2 (Tel Aviv)TBD*1Tel AvivIsraelFuture
Kenya (Nairobi)TBD*1NairobiKenyaFuture
Saudi Arabia 2 (Riyadh)TBD*1RiyadhSaudi ArabiaFuture
Saudi Arabia 3 (Neom)TBD*1NeomSaudi ArabiaFuture
Total9
*Future Oracle Cloud region.

Reportedly, Oracle is also partnering with data center operator N+ONE to launch a cloud region in Morocco that will comply with the country’s data sovereignty requirements.

Additionally, Oracle has recently signed partnership frameworks with both du in the UAE and stc Group in Saudi Arabia to explore the development of sovereign cloud platforms, aiming to address data sovereignty requirements and enable digital transformation.

Oracle Interconnect for Azure

Beyond Oracle Cloud’s 48 operational regions, the company also has a partnership with Microsoft Azure to enable joint customers to run workloads across the two clouds, through Oracle Interconnect for Azure.

Oracle Interconnect for Microsoft Azure extends Oracle Cloud’s own cloud infrastructure via private, low-latency connectivity to 12 Azure Interconnect regions, which provide organizations with a migration path to a multi-cloud environment. As such, organizations can deploy cloud workloads on both Oracle Cloud and Microsoft Azure for various business and technical purposes.

Cross-cloud connectivity offered by Oracle Interconnect for Microsoft Azure is available in the following regions:

Oracle Cloud RegionMicrosoft Azure Region
US East (Ashburn)East US (Richmond)
UK South (London)UK South (London)
Canada Southeast (Toronto)Canada Central (Toronto)
Netherlands Northwest (Amsterdam)West Europe (Amsterdam)
Japan East (Tokyo)Japan East (Tokyo, Saitama)
US West (San Jose)West US (San Francisco)
Germany Central (Frankfurt)Germany West Central (Frankfurt)
US West (Phoenix)West US 3 (Phoenix)
South Korea Central (Seoul)Korea Central (Seoul)
Singapore (Singapore)Southeast Asia (Singapore)
Brazil Southeast (Vinhedo)Brazil South (Campinas)
South Africa Central (Johannesburg)South Africa North (Johannesburg)

In the future, Oracle plans to open 20 new cloud data centers, containing 2,000 Exadata database racks, which will be colocated with and connected to Microsoft Azure, providing sufficient capacity to support tens of thousands of customers.

Importantly, Oracle Interconnect for Azure offers zero data ingress/egress charges, which can provide organizations significant cost savings when transferring data between the two cloud service providers (CSPs).

How Does Oracle Cloud Select a Data Center Location?

Oracle Cloud selects a data center location using a number of site selection criteria, including environmental threats, power availability and stability, vendor reputation and history, neighboring facility functions (e.g., high-risk manufacturing or high-threat targets), and geopolitical considerations. At these locations, Oracle Cloud builds data centers using materials such as steel and concrete. The facility design is intended to withstand the impact of a light vehicle strike.

Oracle Cloud Selection Criteria for a Data Center Location with Map of the World

Data centers housing Oracle Cloud services use redundant power sources and maintain generator backups to prevent widespread electrical outages. Additionally, server rooms are monitored for air temperature and humidity, and fire suppression systems are in-place.

In terms of connectivity, Oracle Cloud regions and availability domains protect data privacy for cloud network traffic transiting to other Oracle Cloud data centers via its network backbone. In particular, this protection is enabled by private, dedicated wide area network (WAN) fiber-optic connections. As such, fiber connectivity is a major consideration in Oracle Cloud selecting a data center location, with a focus on latency limits and distance to nearby points-of-presence (PoPs) or network access points (NAPs).

Oracle FastConnect – Cloud On-Ramp

Oracle FastConnect is Oracle Cloud’s term for a cloud on-ramp, which allows customers to connect directly to their Oracle Cloud Infrastructure (OCI) virtual cloud network via dedicated, private, high-bandwidth connections. Specifically, this service delivers:

  • Network connectivity alternative to the public Internet
  • High bandwidth options
  • Better and predictably lower network latency
  • Dedicated and private connection to Oracle Cloud Infrastructure (OCI) resources

One of the most common reasons for using Oracle FastConnect is for a customer to link its on-premise data center with Oracle Cloud to run mission-critical applications.

Once connected, customers can choose an appropriate port speed, ranging from bandwidths of 1 gigabit per second (Gbps) to 10 Gbps, and pay a consistent, low price each month.

Customers can connect to Oracle Cloud in several ways: using a FastConnect partner, through a third-party network service provider, or directly from within a colocation data center. Below are diagrams illustrating the two primary methods for connecting to Oracle via FastConnect:

Oracle FastConnect with Partner or Third-Party Provider

Oracle FastConnect with Colocation

In a third-party network service provider or colocation data center scenario, a cross-connect is the physical cable that connects a customer’s existing network to Oracle in the FastConnect location.

Mary Zhang covers Data Centers for Dgtl Infra, including Equinix (NASDAQ: EQIX), Digital Realty (NYSE: DLR), CyrusOne, CoreSite Realty, QTS Realty, Switch Inc, Iron Mountain (NYSE: IRM), Cyxtera (NASDAQ: CYXT), and many more. Within Data Centers, Mary focuses on the sub-sectors of hyperscale, enterprise / colocation, cloud service providers, and edge computing. Mary has over 5 years of experience in research and writing for Data Centers.

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