Fiber-to-the-Node (FTTN) network architecture includes the headend, hub, node, and amplifier. Firstly, the headend is a facility that is permanent and secure, which holds the electronics to provide cable services in a particular market. Secondly, the hub is a smaller shelter, connected with fiber, located in the local community. Thirdly, the node is a small box, often installed along power lines, which serves a local neighborhood. Finally, the amplifier is located between the node and the home, and is used to increase the strength of the legacy signal that travels over copper.