Globally, the top 100 cellular towers companies own and operate over 1.5 million sites, which host shared telecommunications infrastructure. These cell towers provide mobile communications coverage and connectivity primarily for wireless carriers, while also supporting the needs of television & radio broadcast companies, and public safety networks.

In total, the 10 largest owners and operators of cellular towers, including American Tower, Indus Towers, Summit Digitel, Cellnex, BSNL Tower, edotco, Vantage Towers, Reliance Infratel, Crown Castle, and IHS Holding, operate 60% of the 1.5 million sites that are held by the broader top 100 cellular towers companies in the world.

Dgtl Infra provides an overview of the largest 100 cellular towers companies worldwide, as measured by tower count. Subsequently, we dive deeper into the portfolios of each of the top 25 cell towers companies, including where their sites are located geographically, how many tenants place equipment on their towers, and who their key customers are. Note that tower owners and operators from China and Russia are excluded from our list.

Top 100 Cellular Towers Companies

#Tower CompanyOperating RegionsTowers
1American TowerGlobal219,226
2Indus TowersIndia185,447
3Summit Digitel InfrastructureIndia151,000
4Cellnex TelecomPan-Europe (12 Countries)102,712
5BSNL Tower CorporationIndia74,000
6edotco Group (Axiata Group)Pan-Asia (9 Countries)50,251
7Vantage TowersPan-Europe (8 Countries)45,700
8Reliance InfratelIndia43,000
9Crown CastleUnited States40,159
10IHS HoldingAfrica, Latin America, Middle East38,975
11SBA CommunicationsUnited States, LatAm, Africa36,017
12Sitios LatinoaméricaPan-Latin America (15 Countries)36,008
13Deutsche FunkturmGermany33,500
14Protelindo (Sarana Menara)Indonesia29,011
15MitratelIndonesia28,577
16TOTEM (Orange)France, Spain26,884
17GTL InfrastructureIndia26,038
18INWITItaly22,800
19Tower BersamaIndonesia20,760
20Opsimex (Telesites)Mexico, Costa Rica20,302
21Phoenix Tower InternationalEurope, LatAm, United States18,000
22Digital Telecom Infra FundThailand16,059
23TAWALSaudi Arabia15,000
24Cornerstone (CTIL)United Kingdom14,500
25Helios TowersPan-Africa, Middle East (10 Mkts)13,900
26EdgePoint InfrastructureIndonesia, Malaysia, Philippines13,000
27Mobile Broadband (MBNL)United Kingdom12,000
28CETIN GroupCzech Rep, Bulgaria, Hungary, Serbia11,200
29Global TowerTurkey, Ukraine, Belarus, Cyprus11,060
30Telenor InfraNorway10,951
31NetWorkS!Poland10,000
32Millicom (Tigo) Carve-OutPan-Latin America (8 Countries)10,000
33Vertical BridgeUnited States9,000
34Tower VisionIndia9,000
35Telia Towers ABFinland, Norway, Sweden8,500
36Zain Business LimitedSaudi Arabia8,069
37TDF InfrastructureFrance7,785
38Magenta Telekom InfraAustria7,000
39Ascend Telecom InfraIndia6,500
40Svenska UMTS-nät (SUNAB)Sweden6,000
41Net4Mobility HBSweden5,600
42Amplitel / Telstra InfraCoAustralia5,500
43YTL CorporationMalaysia5,000
44Highline do BrasilBrazil4,700
45OCK GroupVietnam, Myanmar, Malaysia4,600
46Australia Tower Network (ATN)Australia4,312
47U.S. Cellular / TDSUnited States4,310
483G Infrastructure Services (3GIS)Sweden4,100
49Diamond CommunicationsUnited States4,000
50TT-NetvaerketDenmark4,000
51Irrawaddy Green Towers (IGT)Myanmar4,000
52Gyro Masts & Towers (Telkom)South Africa3,834
53DNA TowerFinland3,352
54Belgium Tower Partners (BTP)Belgium3,326
55AP TowersMyanmar3,254
56IBS Tower (IBST)Indonesia3,160
57Mexico Telecom Partners (MTP)Mexico3,000
58Andean Telecom Partners (ATP)Chile, Colombia, Peru, Ecuador3,000
59Grupo TorreSurBrazil2,885
60Balitower (Bali Towerindo Sentra)Indonesia2,640
61QMC TelecomBrazil, Mexico, Colombia, Peru2,600
62Rai WayItaly2,300
63EI TowersItaly2,300
64Wireless Infrastructure GroupUnited Kingdom2,200
65Africa Mobile Networks (AMN)Pan-Africa (10 Countries)2,000
66Sacofa Sdn BhdMalaysia1,800
67Centuria, SIALatvia, Lithuania1,700
68Telenor Tower SwedenSweden1,688
69TowerCo of MadagascarMadagascar1,500
70Vodafone New Zealand TowerCoNew Zealand1,487
71Tillman InfrastructureUnited States1,400
72TDC NETDenmark1,400
73Pan African TowersNigeria, Ghana1,300
74TowerCoUnited States1,300
75Spark TowerCoNew Zealand1,263
76Torrecom PartnersPan-Latin America (8 Countries)1,250
77TPG Telecom Towers (OMERS)Australia1,237
78CTI TowersUnited States1,200
79InfratelZambia1,200
80Torresec (Innovattel)Pan-Latin America (7 Countries)1,100
81Brazil Tower Company (BTC)Brazil1,060
82RailTel CorporationIndia1,050
83BNSF Railway CompanyUnited States1,000
84Octagon Towers (Peppertree)United States1,000
85Blue Sky TowersUnited States1,000
86Harmoni TowersUnited States1,000
87Tower VenturesUnited States850
88Open Tower Company (OTC)Netherlands800
89Centennial TowersMexico800
90BAI AustraliaAustralia774
91Continental TowersPan-Latin America (6 Countries)750
92Towercom, a.s.Slovakia700
93Union Pacific RailroadUnited States670
94Ceské Radiokomunikace (CRA)Czech Republic660
95IIMTMexico650
96AxiónSpain635
97towerCastFrance600
98Parallel InfrastructureUnited States600
99EmitelPoland569
100Norfolk Southern RailwayUnited States500
Total1,574,357

1. American Tower

American Tower (NYSE: AMT) owns 219,226 towers globally, of which 42,861 are located in the United States & Canada and 176,365 reside in international markets. The company’s tower portfolio spans a total of 24 countries in the following geographies:

  • Domestic: United States, Canada
  • Europe: France, Germany, Poland, Spain
  • Latin America: Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Mexico, Paraguay, Peru
  • Asia-Pacific: Bangladesh, India, Philippines
  • Africa: Burkina Faso, Ghana, Kenya, Niger, Nigeria, South Africa, Uganda

In terms of property revenue, American Tower’s largest tenants are T-Mobile (17%), AT&T (14%), Verizon (11%), Telefónica (10.5%), and Airtel (8%).

2. Indus Towers

Indus Towers (formerly Bharti Infratel) is the largest tower company in India, owning and managing 185,447 telecom towers. The company has 335,791 tenants with equipment on its towers, equating to a tenancy ratio of 1.81x.

India’s three major wireless carriers, namely Reliance Jio, Bharti Airtel, and Vodafone Idea are all significant customers of Indus Towers.

3. Summit Digitel Infrastructure

Summit Digitel Infrastructure (formerly Reliance Jio Infratel) is the second largest tower company in India, operating 151,000 telecom towers, which are able to provide pan-India 4G coverage.

The company’s towers primarily serve as the network backbone of Reliance Jio, India’s largest wireless carrier, and, as such, the company’s tenancy ratio is ~1x. To this end, Jio is an anchor tenant of Summit Digitel under a 30-year master service agreement (MSA).

Notably, Brookfield Infrastructure invested in Summit Digitel Infrastructure in August 2020.

4. Cellnex Telecom

Cellnex Telecom (BME: CLNX) manages 102,712 operational tower sites, with 136,249 tenants, which equates to a tenancy ratio of 1.33x. Specifically, these operational sites are in the 12 European countries of France, Italy, Poland, Spain, United Kingdom, Portugal, Switzerland, Austria, Netherlands, Sweden, Ireland, and Denmark.

Once all of Cellnex’s pending acquisitions and build-to-suit (BTS) agreements have been completed, the company’s portfolio will grow to 137,000 tower sites across its 12 European markets. Additionally, Cellnex operates 5,815 small cells and distributed antenna system (DAS) nodes throughout Europe.

5. BSNL Tower Corporation (BTCL)

BSNL Tower Corporation (BTCL) is a wholly-owned subsidiary of the government-owned Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited (BSNL), India’s fourth largest wireless carrier. Presently, BTCL operates 74,000 towers in India and has 79,000 tenants with equipment on its towers (mainly BSNL), equating to a tenancy ratio of 1.07x.

6. edotco Group

edotco Group is a regional tower company in Asia and a 63%-owned subsidiary of Axiata Group (KLSE: AXIATA). The company operates in nine countries, including Malaysia, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Cambodia, Myanmar, Pakistan, Laos, the Philippines, and Indonesia.

edotco has a portfolio of 50,251 towers and managed sites across Asia. Of this total, the company controls 27,395 owned towers and 22,856 managed sites. Also, edotco’s owned towers have a tenancy ratio of 1.63x, equating to 44,711 tenants with equipment on its owned towers.

7. Vantage Towers

Vantage Towers (ETR: VTWR) owns a consolidated portfolio totaling 45,700 macro sites in the 8 European countries of Germany, Spain, Greece, Czech Republic, Portugal, Romania, Hungary, and Ireland. In addition, Vantage Towers has a 33.2% stake in INWIT, which holds 22,800 towers, and a 50% stake in Cornerstone Telecommunications Infrastructure Limited (CTIL), which controls 14,500 towers.

Overall, Vantage Towers’ consolidated portfolio of 45,700 macro sites have 65,700 tenants, resulting in a tenancy ratio of 1.44x. Of these tenants, Vodafone represents ~81% of Vantage Towers’ revenue base, which has high customer concentration.

8. Reliance Infratel

Reliance Infratel is the tower division of Reliance Communications (RCom), a former wireless carrier in India which filed for bankruptcy in 2019. Presently, Reliance Infratel operates 43,000 towers in India and has 39,000 tenants with equipment on its towers, equating to a tenancy ratio of 0.9x. Notably, this tenancy ratio implies that many of Reliance Infratel’s towers are unoccupied.

9. Crown Castle

Crown Castle (NYSE: CCI) has a digital infrastructure portfolio, which resides entirely in the United States, consisting of 40,159 towers, over 80,000 route miles of fiber, and 115,000 small cells on-air or under contract. The company’s towers have a tenancy ratio of 2.4x, equating to ~96,400 tenants with equipment on its towers.

In terms of site rental revenues, Crown Castle’s largest tenants are T-Mobile (37%), AT&T (19%), and Verizon (19%) – collectively comprising 75% of the company’s site rental revenues.

10. IHS Holding

IHS Holding (NYSE: IHS) has a portfolio of 38,975 owned and managed tower sites in 11 total countries. Specifically, these sites have a tenancy ratio of 1.42x, equating to 55,343 tenants with equipment on the company’s towers.

IHS Holding’s sites span 7 countries in Africa, 3 countries in Latin America, and 1 country in the Middle East. Overall, the company’s top five markets by tower count include Nigeria (16,856 sites), Brazil (6,786 sites), South Africa (5,700 sites), Côte d’Ivoire (2,690 sites), and Cameroon (2,243 sites).

11. SBA Communications

SBA Communications (NASDAQ: SBAC) owns or operates 36,017 communication sites, 17,363 of which are in the United States and 18,654 that are located internationally. More specifically, the company’s international markets include Argentina, Brazil, Canada, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Nicaragua, Panama, Peru, South Africa, the Philippines, and Tanzania.

In terms of domestic site leasing revenue, SBA Communications’ largest tenants are T-Mobile (40%), AT&T (30%), and Verizon (20%). While the company’s largest tenants, based on international site leasing revenue, are Oi SA (26%), Telefónica (14%), and América Móvil (12%).

12. Sitios Latinoamérica

Sitios Latinoamérica is being spun-off from América Móvil, the largest wireless carrier in Latin America. The company operates 36,008 tower sites across 15 countries in Latin America, including Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, and Uruguay.

Sitios Latinoamérica’s three largest markets are Brazil with 12,539 sites (35% of total), Argentina with 4,435 sites (12% of total), and Peru with 3,687 sites (10% of total).

13. Deutsche Funkturm

Deutsche Funkturm (DFMG) is Germany’s largest tower company and a wholly-owned subsidiary of Deutsche Telekom (ETR: DTE). Presently, the company operates 33,500 towers in Germany and has ~47,000 tenants with equipment on its towers, equating to a tenancy ratio of ~1.4x.

Additionally, Deutsche Funkturm’s sites are ~30% ground-based towers and ~70% rooftop sites.

14. Protelindo (Sarana Menara Nusantara)

Protelindo (Sarana Menara Nusantara) operates 29,011 towers in Indonesia, which have 54,580 tenants, equating to a tenancy ratio of 1.88x. Within Indonesia, 55% of the company’s towers are located in the Java region, while 45% are in the ex-Java region.

Additionally, Protelindo has 50,529 miles (81,319 kilometers) of revenue generating fiber.

15. Mitratel

Mitratel operates 28,577 towers in Indonesia, which have 43,101 tenants, equating to a tenancy ratio of 1.51x. Within Indonesia, 42% of the company’s towers are located in the Java region, while 58% are in the ex-Java region.

Additionally, Mitratel has a fiber-optic portfolio that provides transport connectivity for towers. Presently, the company has 1,315 miles (2,117 kilometers) of fiber-optic orders received, to be deployed.

16. TOTEM (Orange)

TOTEM is the European tower company subsidiary of Orange, a wireless carrier in France. The company operates 26,884 tower sites, including 19,155 sites in France and 7,729 sites in Spain. Overall, TOTEM’s tower portfolio of 26,884 sites have 36,336 tenants, resulting in a tenancy ratio of 1.35x.

Additionally, Orange is pursuing a carve-out of its passive mobile infrastructure within the company’s footprint, starting with Romania, Slovakia, and Moldova.

17. GTL Infrastructure

GTL Infrastructure operates 26,038 towers in India and has 24,076 tenants with equipment on its towers, equating to a tenancy ratio of 0.92x. However, of this total, only 11,988 of these towers are occupied, with the remaining 14,050 towers unoccupied. Therefore, GTL Infrastructure’s average tenancy ratio per occupied tower is 2.0x.

18. INWIT

INWIT is Italy’s largest tower company, which operates 22,800 cellular towers and has 46,800 tenants with equipment on its towers, equating to a tenancy ratio of 2.05x. Of these tenants, the majority of INWIT’s revenue derives from master service agreements (MSAs) with wireless carriers TIM (Telecom Italia) and Vodafone. With these two companies, INWIT has 36,400 anchor tenants on its cell towers.

Additionally, INWIT operates 6,600 small cell and distributed antenna system (DAS) nodes, as well as providing backhaul connectivity solutions.

19. Tower Bersama

Tower Bersama operates 20,760 telecommunication towers in Indonesia, which have 39,446 tenants, equating to a tenancy ratio of 1.90x. Additionally, the company has 111 distributed antenna system (DAS) networks.

Regarding tenants, Tower Bersama’s cell sites serve all of Indonesia’s major telecommunications companies, including Telkomsel, Indosat, and XL Axiata.

20. Opsimex (Telesites)

Telesites, the largest owner, operator, and developer of passive wireless infrastructure in Mexico completed its merger into Operadora de Sites Mexicanos (Opsimex) in March 2022. Presently, the company operates 20,302 towers in Mexico and Costa Rica, including 19,995 towers located in Mexico and 307 sites located in Costa Rica.

Across both Mexico and Costa Rica, Opsimex has 25,521 tenants, equating to a tenancy ratio of 1.26x. The company was created as a result of the spin-off of cellular towers in Mexico by América Móvil, which remains Opsimex’s largest customer.

21. Phoenix Tower International

Phoenix Tower International owns and operates over 18,000 cellular towers and 613 miles (986 kilometers) of fiber. Geographically, the company’s cellular tower portfolio spans 18 countries throughout the United States, Europe, and Latin America.

Phoenix Tower’s countries of operation are Bolivia, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cyprus, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, France, French West Indies, Ireland, Italy, Jamaica, Malta, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Peru, and the United States.

22. Digital Telecommunications Infrastructure Fund

Digital Telecommunications Infrastructure Fund is Thailand’s largest tower company, which operates a portfolio of 16,059 cellular towers located in all 77 provinces of Thailand. Of this total, 9,727 towers are owned by the fund (True Tower and TUC Towers) and 6,332 towers, are managed by the fund, with the fund entitled to receive the net revenue (BFKT Towers and AWC Towers).

23. TAWAL

TAWAL owns a portfolio of more than 15,000 cell towers located throughout the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA), which represents a 40% market share amongst peer companies. Notably, Saudi Telecom Company (stc), Saudi Arabia’s largest wireless carrier, founded TAWAL in December 2018 to be an independent provider of telecommunications infrastructure. By April 2019, TAWAL was permitted by Saudi Arabia’s Communications and Information Technology Commission to begin operating.

24. Cornerstone Telecommunications Infrastructure Limited (CTIL)

Cornerstone Telecommunications Infrastructure Limited (CTIL) is a 50%/50% joint venture between wireless carrier Telefónica (operating as O2 in the UK) and Vantage Towers. The company operates 14,500 cellular towers in the United Kingdom, which have ~29,000 tenants, equating to a tenancy ratio of 2.0x.

In January 2021, Telefónica and Vodafone each entered into new master service agreements (MSAs) with CTIL. These two companies agreed to use CTIL’s cell towers for an initial term of 8 years, with three 8-year renewal periods, and a 3-year exit period if not renewed.

25. Helios Towers

Helios Towers is an independent tower company operating in 10 countries across Africa and the Middle East. More specifically, these countries are Congo-Brazzaville, Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), Gabon, Ghana, Madagascar, Malawi, Oman, Senegal, South Africa, and Tanzania.

Pro forma for all pending acquisitions, Helios Towers controls 13,900 sites, which have 24,000 tenants, equating to a tenancy ratio of 1.7x. In turn, this makes Helios Towers the 3rd largest amongst all cell tower companies operating in Africa.


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